It is important to look at foodways in the context of the region, so I have been exploring what has been written about animals, birds, fish and the environment in southern Oman. (photo by S. B.)
Al Hikmani, Hadi and Khaled al Hikmani. 2012. “Arabian Leopard in Lowland Region on the South face of Jebel Samhan, Oman.” Cat News 57: 4-5.
Al-Jufaili, Saud Greg Hermosa, Sulaiman S. Al-Shuaily and Amal Al Mujaini. 2010. “Oman Fish Biodiversity.” Journal of King Abdulaziz University 21.1: 3-51.
Al Kindi, Nasser. 2014. Birds in Oman. Muscat: Muscat Printing Press.
Al-Marshudi, Ahmed Salim and Hemesiri Kotagama. 2006. “Socio-Economic Structure and Performance of Traditional Fishermen in the Sultanate of Oman.” Marine Resource Economics 21: 221-30.
Al Rashdi, K. and E. Mclean. 2014. “Contribution of Small-Scale Fisheries to the Livelihoods of Omani Women: A Case Study of the Al Wusta Governorate.” Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries: Navigating Change – Asian Fisheries Science Special Issue 27S: 135-149.
Ball, Lawrence, Douglas MacMillan, Joseph Tzanopoulos, Andrew Spalton, Hadi Al Hikmani and Mark Moritz. 2000. “Contemporary Pastoralism in the Dhofar Mountains of Oman.” Human Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-020-00153-5
Choudri, B., Mahad Baawain, and Mustaque Ahmed. 2016. “An Overview of Coastal and Marine Resources and their Management in Sultanate of Oman.” Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 7.1: 21-32.
Erikesen, Hanne and Jens Eriksen. 2010. Common Birds in Oman: An Identification Guide. Muscat: Roya Press.
—. 2005. Common Birds in Oman. Muscat: Roya Press.
Eriksen, Jens, Dave Sargeant and Reginald Victor. 2003. Oman Bird List. Muscat: Sultan Qaboos University, Centre for Environmental Studies and Research.
Galletti, Christopher, Billie Turner, and Soe Myint. 2016. “Land Changes and their Drivers in the Cloud Forest and Coastal Zone of Dhofar, Oman, between 1988 and 2013.” Regional Environmental Change 16.7: 2141–53
Gardner, Andrew. 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Oman and the UAE. Frankfurt: Edition Chimaira.
Hildebrandt, Anke and Elfatih Eltahir. 2008. “Using a Horizontal Precipitation Model to Investigate the Role of Turbulent Cloud Deposition in Survival of a Seasonal Cloud Forest in Dhofar.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 113 (G4). doi:10.1029/2008JG000727.
Hildebrandt, Anke, Mohammed Al Aufi, Mansoor Amerjeed, Mahaad Shammas, and Elfatih A. B. Eltahir. 2007.“Ecohydrology of a Seasonal Cloud Forest in Dhofar:1. Field Experiment.” Water Resources Research 43 (W10411). doi:10.1029/2006WR005261.
Hildebrandt, Anke and Elfatih Eltahir. 2007. “Ecohydrology of a Seasonal Cloud Forest in Dhofar: 2. Role of Clouds, Soil Type, and Rooting Depth in Tree-Grass Competition.” Water Resources Research 43 (W11411). doi: 10.1029/2006WR005262.
— . 2006. “Forest on the Edge: Seasonal Cloud Forest in Oman Creates its own Ecological Niche.” Geophysical Research Letters 33 (L11401). doi: 10.1029/2006GL026022.
The Journal of Oman Studies: Special Report 2: The Oman Flora and Fauna Survey 1975. 1980. Muscat: Diwan of H. M. for Protocol.
Lancaster, William and Fidelity Lancaster. 1995. “Nomadic Fishermen of Ja’alân, Oman.” Nomadic Peoples 36/37: 227-44.
McKoy, John, Neil Bagley, Stéphane Gauthier, and Jennifer Devine. 2009. Fish Resources Assessment Survey of the Arabian Sea Coast of Oman – Technical Report 1. Auckland: Bruce Shallard and Associates and the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research.
Omezzine, Abdallah. 1998. “On-shore Fresh Fish Markets in Oman.” Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing 10.1: 53-69.
Omezzine, Abdallah, Lokman Zaibet and Hamad Al-Oufi. 1996. “The Marketing System of Fresh Fish Products on the Masirah Island in the Sultanate of Oman.” Marine Resources Economics 11: 203-10.
Sale, J. 1980. “The Ecology of the Mountain Region of Dhofar.” The Journal of Oman Studies: Special Report 2: The Oman Flora and Fauna Survey 1975. Muscat: Diwan of H. M. for Protocol. 25-54.
Siddeek, M., M. Fouda and G. Hermosa. 1999. “Demersal Fisheries of the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf.” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 49.1: 87-97.
Spalton, Andrew, Hadi Al Hikmani, and Khalid Mohammed Al Hikmani. 2014. The Arabian Leopards of Oman. London: Stacey International.
Spalton, Andrew, Hadi Musalam al Hikmani, David Willis and Ali Salim Bait Said. 2006. “Critically Endangered Arabian Leopards (Panthera pardus nimrpersist) in the Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve, Oman.” Oryx 40.3: 287-294.
Partial list of wild animals
from: Spalton, Andrew, Hadi Musalam al Hikmani, David Willis and Ali Salim Bait Said. 2006. “Critically Endangered Arabian Leopards (Panthera pardus nimr) Persist in the Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve, Oman.” Oryx 40.3: 287-294. 291
- Arabian leopard
- Arabian wolf
- Striped hyaena
- Honey badger
- Blanford’s fox
- Red fox
- African small-spotted genet
- White-tailed mongoose
- Nubian ibex
- Arabian gazelle
- Rock hyrax
- Indian crested porcupine
- Ethiopian hedgehog
- small rodents including gerbil, jird, mice, spiny mice, rat, and shrew
- gecko, lizard, chameleon, skink, toad
- bees, butterfly, dragonfly, grasshopper, locust, and moth
- scorpion, tick, wasp, and snakes, including cobra and viper
Partial list of birds
from: Al Kindi, Nasser. 2014. Birds in Oman. Muscat: Muscat Printing Press.
- Dhofari and/or migratory: bee-eater, dove, hoopoe, roller, silverbill, swallow and weaver
- coast – avocet, bittern, coot, crake, duck (pintail), egret, grebe, flamingo, gull, heron, ibis, moorhen, spoonbill, tern, wader
- grasslands – pipit, raven, grackle, stork
- wadi/ mountains – courser, partridge, sandgrouse, owl
- semi-wooded/ woodlands – bunting, cuckoo, flycatcher, grosbeak, kingfisher, pigeon, owl, shrike, sunbird, warbler
- semi-desert/ desert – bunting, lark, owl, sand partridge, warbler, wheatear
- raptors – eagle, falcon, kestrel. osprey, vulture
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